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Minister of Science & Technology visits NIO


Honorable Minister of State for Science and Technology Mr. Mir Dostain Khan Domki, visited the National Institute of Oceanography on 13th October, 2017. Dr. Asif Inam, Director General, NIO briefed them about the overall scientific progress on the various ongoing progarmmes of the Institute which relate to ocean resource development. DG, NIO also briefed about the successful execution of Continental Shelf Programme.


The Minister was also briefed about various research activities undertaken by the National Institute of Oceanography in Coastal Marine Research program and Offshore Ecosystems, Marine Debris, Coastal Hydraulic, Geology/Geophysics, Marine Pollution Monitoring and Marine Bio-Technology Physical and Chemical Oceanography.


The international programmes with Germany, China and France on living and non-living resources were greatly appreciated. The efforts made by the scientists of the National Institute of Oceanography in the field of Ocean Science were appreciated and the Honourable Minister hoped that the institute will continue to flourish and expand its research activities. Minister also visited various laboratories of the Institute and briefly met with the scientists and discussed the research being carried out by them.

Astola island declared country’s first marine protected area


Astola island, a major biodiversity hotspot and the largest island along Pakistan’s coast, was declared the country’s first marine protected area through a notification issued by the Balochistan government on Thursday.

The island covers an area of about 400 square kilometres and is located 39km east of Pasni, Balochistan. It is home to several species of marine and terrestrial animals and plants. The deadly Russell’s viper (Echis carinatus astolae), a highly venomous snake, is endemic to the island. It also a nesting place for many sea birds, especially the greater crested tern (Thalasseus bergii), which have thousands of nests on the island.Astola Island’s sandy beaches are a nesting ground for green turtles and around 25 species of coral have been found in the ocean around it.

“By declaring the Astola island a marine protected area, Pakistan has started its compliance with the Aichi Target 11, which requires that by 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water areas and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas are to be conserved,” Muhammad Moazzam Khan, technical adviser on marine fisheries with the WWF-P, said. The step taken by the Balochistan government would ensure that the island’s biodiversity would be protected, the use of deleterious fishing methods will be stopped and recreational activities would be controlled, he added.


“It will also ensure that protected, threatened and endangered species of crustaceans, coral, mammals, sharks, turtles, whales and mobulids will be conserved. Moreover, whale sharks, sunfish, guitarfish and seabirds will not be harvested or killed,” he said.

“Subsequently, a motion submitted from Pakistan was adopted at the IUCN World Conservation Congress 2016 calling for the declaration of Astola Island as a marine protected area in Pakistan,” he recalled.



Citing international conventions on nature conservation, he pointed out that Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agreed by the UN General Assembly in September 2015 had called for conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas and marine resou­rces for sustainable development (SDG 14).

“Change in land and sea use shall not be allowed in the protected area except with prior permission of the government, where the change is likely to enhance the conservation value of the protected area in terms of biodiversity and other elements of nature subject to and within the permitted scope of Conv­ention on Biological Dive­rsity,” the notification says.



Published in Dawn, June 16th, 2017

NIO officer successfully completed "2017 Summer School on Remote Sensing & GIS", organized by National Center for Remote Sensing & Geo-Informatics, Institute of Space Technology, Karachi,on August 1-10, 2017, at National Center for Remote Sensing and Geo-Informatics, SUPARCO HQs., Karachi

During the training participants had hands-on training on remote sensing softwares and its application.

Extension of Continental Shelf Pakistan

The UN Commission on Limits of Continental Shelf hason Friday 21st March 2015, announced adoption of the recommendations for Extension of Pakistan Continental Shelf. With this Pakistan’s continental shelf limits stands extended from 200 to 350 nautical miles, giving Pakistan sovereign rights over additional area of 50,000sq km beyond Pakistan’s Exclusive Economic Zone thus increasing Pakistan’s maritime area from 240,000 sq km at present to about 290,000 sq km.



Know your Ocean

No Matter where you live, the ocean affects your life


of protein consumption
comes from fish

of our oceans
are covered by sea Ice

of ocean is unexplored
by humans

of CO2 ocean abbsorbs
to the atmosphere
from human activites
each year

of international TRADE
travels by ships

Brief Scope of NIO Services NIO regularly provides technical services to the offshore oil & gas industry, coastal developers, coastal power plants and port authorities on the Environmental Impact Studies, oceanographic surveys, coastal hydraulic surveys, bathymetric surveys, marine exploration & Geo-Engineering Surveys, Marine Pollution and Environmental Surveys and Oceanographic Data Services. NIO has recently provided technical services to Karachi Nuclear Power Plant – Phase II

Coastal hydraulics & Seabed Survey

Oceanographic Surveys, Seabed Bathyetric Surveys, Coastel Surveys, Coastal Erosion, Coastal Protection,Site selection for Ports, Jetties, Harbours, Power Plants and Desalination Plants

Marine Pollution Survey

Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment, Dilution and Dispersion of Pollutants. Thermal Plume study

Oceanographic Survey

Currents, Waves, Tides, and Meteorological observations. Tidal level measurements and Predictions, Numerical Modeling, Ocean Productivity

Environmental Survey

Environmental Impact Assessment, Initial, Environmental Examination, Ecological Surveys, Contingency Planning, Ntural Resource Damage, Assessment, Remediation plans, Marine Mammal Observers

Marine Exploration & Geo-Engineering Survey

Site surveys for offshore structures, Harbours, Jetties, Navigational Buoys etc. Submarine cable and pipeline rout surveys, Mineral Exploration in the costal water, Geo-Resource Mapping

Oceanographic Data Services

Oceanographic Data Services for Pakistan's Maritime areas

Feasibility Studies

Coastal Surveys for site selection, Shrimp Farming, Power & Desalination Plants, Underwater Search and Surveys, Plots, Harbours & Jetties

Shrimp Hatchery And Farming

Experties in Shrimp Farming, Microalgal Cultutre Lab, Artemia Culture Facilites, Feed for larvae, Consultancy & Training


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About NIO

The National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) is located in Karachi. It was established in 1981 by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of Pakistan (MoST). Its Head Office is at Clifton Karachi, with three sub-stations at Gwadar, Sonmiani and Ghora Bari.


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