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A Chinese delegation from the Second Institute of Oceanography, representing Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), People’s Republic of China visited National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Ministry of Science & Technology (MoST) Pakistan from 16th to 20th August 2023. The visit of a delegation from the Second Institute of Oceanography (SIO) to the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) Pakistan marked the commencement of a significant collaboration.

Day 1 – 16th August 2023

The visit of the Second Institute of Oceanography (SIO) delegation to the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) in Pakistan centered on discussions regarding the establishment of a Ground Station for Marine Remote Sensing (GSMRS). The DirectorGeneral of NIO presented a comprehensive overview of NIO's functions, achievements, and ongoing research projects and plans, National and International Collaborations. The schedule for the visit was also discussed and the importance of stakeholder’s engagements and support was conveyed.

The meeting concluded with a brief plan for the next day’s site visits for Dhabeji and Ghorabari Sub Station. In the afternoon, the delegation visited each section of the Institute and interacted with the researchers showing interest in their work and possible partnerships for the future.

Day 2 – 17th August 2023

The group comprising of the Chinese guests and NIO Project team and relevant officials with the Director General traveled to Dhabeji, the site identified for GSMRS in 2015. The team then continued to visit the NIO substation Ghorabari (GBSS) at Gharo, District Thatta. The DG NIO introduced the substation, providing insights into its background, current status, ongoing and future scientific activities planned at Ghorabari.

Day 3 – 18th August 2023

The stakeholders from various national institutions were invited to meet with the SIO delegation and NIO had arranged briefing on the background of the project and technical details of the project and the end-user engagement. Senior representative from the International Liaison office, MoST was also present. The stakeholders engaged directly with the NIO and SIO. With the new Ground station for marine applications. Dr. Samina Kidwai, DG NIO, expects new opportunities for young researchers and early-career ocean professionals (ECOP). She expects that the facility cannot just cater to Pakistani researcher needs but can provide a professional development platform for regional countries and others interested.

SIO delegation accompanied by the Director General, Project team, NIO relevant experts of the subject and representative of IL MoST, visited the International Center of Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi. At the ICCBS the group was received warmly by the Distinguished Professor Dr. Atta ur Rehman and the team of ICCBS. A briefing was arranged.In the end of the briefing; the guests were presented with the presents.

Day 4 – 19th August 2023

The research and development operations being carried out by multiple sections of NIO were presented by the sectional heads to the SIO Delegation, encompassing the relevant projects that are planned for remote sensing applications. Notably, the participation of Geology and Geophysics section in Continental Shelf Extension, the Chinese geological survey cruises was highlighted. Likewise the Physical Section showedtheir R & D projects, their PSDP projects specially the ongoing “Monitoring the sea water intrusion, sea level rise, coastal erosion and land subsidence along Sindh and Baluchistan coast”. The HOD/PD showed how important this project was to Pakistan planning coastal installations, safety of the coastal zone, the wellbeing and livelihoods of the coastal communities. The involvement of Integrated Physical Oceanography lab in monitoring of TC BIPARJOY was conveyed to be instrumental in National Collaboration. The Chemistry Section presented ongoing projects related to environmental studies in the creeks of Indus delta and marine pollution risk assessments. The biology section presented the research work, facilities, collaborations, publications, international partnerships and projects (International, PSDP, and R & D Projects). Keen interest in the research activities of NIO’s sections was expressed by Chinese delegation.

Day 5 – 20th August 2023 – Sunday

The recommendations were drafted, reviewed, and subsequently signed on both sides, witnessed by IL, MoST and shared identical true copies by both parties.

On August 11, 2023, at 1100 hours, NIO celebrated its 76th Independence Day in the NIO auditorium. The event began with the recitation of the Holy Quran followed by the National Anthem of Pakistan. DG NIO enriched the occasion with her presence and her introductory remarks regarding the history of Independence Day. NIO scientists and staff enthusiastically performed national songs and remarks about the joy of living in an independent nation and to honor those who dedicated their lives in sacrifice to make Pakistan an independent Muslim nation.

A cake-cutting ceremony to commemorate the 76th Independence Day brought the ceremony to close at 1200 hours.

All NIO scientists & staff participated in the remarkable event and showed the solidarity to our beloved country and pray to success in future.

Some of the NIO's officers carried out a plantation drive at the conclusion of the ceremony as a symbol of their commitment to Pakistan's future sustainability.

National Institute of Oceanography, Pakistan

Dr. Umar Saif
Federal Minister for Science and Technology
Mr. Ali Raza Bhutta
Secretary for
Ministry of Science and Technology
Director General

Extension of Continental Shelf Pakistan

The UN Commission on Limits of Continental Shelf hason Friday 21st March 2015, announced adoption of the recommendations for Extension of Pakistan Continental Shelf. With this Pakistan’s continental shelf limits stands extended from 200 to 350 nautical miles, giving Pakistan sovereign rights over additional area of 50,000sq km beyond Pakistan’s Exclusive Economic Zone thus increasing Pakistan’s maritime area from 240,000 sq km at present to about 290,000 sq km.


Sea Water Intrusion

Monitoring Sea Water Intrusion, Sea Level Rise, Land subsidence and coastal erosion Sindh and Balochistan cost

Strengthening ORS Gwadar

Strengthening of Oceanographic Research Sub Station Gwadar Pakistan

Biological Oceanography NIO, Pakistan

In broad perspective of objectives the emphasis is being given to Fisheries Biology, Marine Ecology and Aquaculture. For direct underwater observation and study of organisms NIO's Biological department laboratory has modern equipment.

Know your Ocean

No Matter where you live, the ocean affects your life

of protein consumption
comes from fish

of our oceans
are covered by sea Ice

of ocean is unexplored
by humans

of CO2 ocean abbsorbs
to the atmosphere
from human activites
each year

of international TRADE
travels by ships

Brief Scope of NIO Services

Coastal hydraulics & Seabed Survey
Marine Pollution Survey
Oceanographic Survey
Environmental Survey
Marine Exploration & Geo-Engineering Survey
Oceanographic Data Services
Feasibility Studies
Shrimp Hatchery And Farming

  •   ST 47, Block 1, Clifton,
         Karachi-75600, Pakistan
  •   +92 21 99251172-78
  •   +92 21 99251179

NIO Project Gallery

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